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Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | History

3 edition of Animals in scientific research found in the catalog.

Animals in scientific research

Animals in scientific research

an effective substitute for man? : proceedings of a symposium held in April 1982 under the auspices of the Humane Research Trust

  • 69 Want to read
  • 18 Currently reading

Published by Macmillan in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Laboratory animals.,
  • Animal experimentation.,
  • Diseases -- Animal models.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    Statementedited by Paul Turner.
    ContributionsTurner, Paul, 1933-, Humane Research Trust.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRB125
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii,220p. ;
    Number of Pages220
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14997188M
    ISBN 100333336283

      The author of a new book also says that animals can feel empathy, like the humpback whale that rescued a seal.   Now the research is getting an even bigger scientific boost. The National Institutes of Health, with funding from pet food giant Mars Inc., recently created a federal research program to .

    Animals by the Numbers: A Book of Infographics (Outstanding Science Trade Books for Students K) Hardcover – November 1, and accurate zoological information ready for readers to easily devour. The level of scientific research paired with Jenkins’ creativity and accessible infographics is unmatched and sure to wow fans old and new/5(22).   The use of an animal for scientific research has been cited as a major reason for the dramatic decline in these animals’ population and those of other animals, such as rats, pigs, sharks, and dogs among others. In the US, animals are widely used in scientific research, especially in testing products consumed by humans, as well as the.

    Where you can find detailed scientific information about the use of animals Venom-derived drugs A guide to the venomous creatures that help in imagining and creating drugs. Introduction Throughout history, animals (refers to ‘non-human animals’, excluding human) are widely used in different fields. However, the issue of using animals in medical research notably attract public attention because, to many people, it appears unnatural and cruel, even though the number of animals used for other purposes and the ill-effects exposed (eg. blood sport) may often be.


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Animals in scientific research Download PDF EPUB FB2

A balanced, accessible discussion of whether and on what grounds animal research can be ethically justified. An estimated million nonhuman vertebrates worldwide—including primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, birds, rats, and mice—are bred, captured, or otherwise acquired every year for research purposes.

Much of this research is seriously detrimental to the welfare of these animals. Contemporary Animal Experimentation A. Selected Diseases 1. Cancer In the National Cancer Act initiated a «War on Cancer» that many sponsors predicted would cure cancer by Instead, this multibillion dollar research program has proven to be a fail-ure.

The age-adjusted total cancer mortality rate climbed steadilyFile Size: KB. Five key terms identify the fields or activities that relate to the care and use of animals in research, education, and testing.

Animal experimentation refers to the scientific study of animals, usually in a laboratory, for the purpose of gaining new biological knowledge or solving specific medical, veterinary medical, dental, or biological problems.

Laboratory Animals: Regulations and Recommendations for the Care and Use of Animals in Research, Second Edition, is the only publication to offer a global compilation of standards on the care, welfare and use of animals in research.

The book provides updated information that will be of great interest to professionals across laboratory animal. The formal system of naming different species―animals as well as plants―is known as binomial nomenclature or binominal nomenclature.

While the terms ‘binomial name’ and ‘bionominal name’ both are technically correct, the term ‘scientific name’ is much more popular than them. Each animal’s scientific name has two parts: the.

Animal Experimentation. There are many opinions about the pros and cons of using animals in scientific research. Read the overview below to gain a balanced understanding of the issue and explore the previews of opinion articles that highlight many perspectives on animal testing.

the overall number of animals used for Animals in scientific research book research in recent years: in by approx 3% (2 mil-lion) compared to the previous year, and in by another 6 6% (2 million) What are animals used for in research. The majority of animals in science are used in basic research (31 1%) and in “translational and applied re.

The Three Rs (3Rs) in relation to science are guiding principles for more ethical use of animals in were first described by W. Russell and R. Burch in The 3Rs are: Replacement: methods which avoid or replace the use of animals in research; Reduction: use of methods that enable researchers to obtain comparable levels of information from fewer animals, or to obtain.

Using animals in research and to test the safety of products has been a topic of heated debate for decades. According to data collected by F. Barbara Orlans for her book, In the Name of Science: Issues in Responsible Animal Experimentation, sixty percent of all animals used in testing are used in biomedical research and product-safety testing (62).

It is estimated that at least million animals are used every year in the multibillion dollar research industry that includes university, pharmaceutical and diagnostic laboratories, and many others.

In addition to the use of animals in education and the testing of chemicals, household products, personal care products and cosmetics, animals.

Historically, the scientific community—at least in the USA—did not perceive the use of animals in research as an ethical issue. Anyone who raised questions about the way animals were kept and treated during experiments ran the risk of being stigmatized as an anti-vivisectionist; a misanthrope preferring animals to people; or an ingrate who did not value the contributions of biomedical Cited by: animals in research Animals are widely used in the biomedical sciences, for purposes ranging from studying the functions of human and animal bodies and the nature of disease, to toxicological testing to assess the safety of both medical and non-medical products.

Their use in science has a long and well-documented history, as has the philosophical debate over such use (see, for example. Abstract.

The use of non-human animals in biomedical research has given important contributions to the medical progress achieved in our day, but it has also been a cause of heated public, scientific and philosophical discussion for hundreds of by: Science, Medicine, and Animals explains the role that animals play in biomedical research and the ways in which scientists, governments, and citizens have tried to balance the experimental use of animals with a concern for all living creatures.

An accompanying Teacher’s Guide is available to help teachers of middle and high school students use Science, Medicine, and Animals in the classroom. Research. UK zoos and aquariums have had a close relationship with science ever since the creation of the Zoological Society of London in and the later opening of.

Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under approach can be contrasted with field studies in which animals are observed in their natural environments or ption: Around 50– million vertebrate animals.

The 51 experts who contributed to Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change review current animal use in science, present new and innovative non-animal approaches to address urgent scientific questions, and offer a roadmap towards the continuing replacement and eventual elimination of animals used in science as envisioned by.

Modern science is based upon a descendant of that original scientific method, with some additions and minor changes. A good experiment should be clearly designed and stated, and reproducible, so that someone else running the same test will get approximately the same results.

Research also generally is subject to peer review, scrutiny by others in the same field, usually when results are being. Animal research: A moral science. Talking Point on the use of animals in scientific research.

The book is a study of the muscular movements of the face (both human and animal) triggered by the Author: Bernard Rollin. Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research.

The approximately million people in the United States keep about million dogs and cats as pets. More than 5 billion animals are killed in the United States each year as a source of food.

Animals are used for. Research involving animals has been a corner-stone of medical progress for more than two cen-turies. For much of that time, it has also met with moral objections because of the suffering it can cause the animals.

Though animal welfare laws in the United States and abroad have reduced the number of animals used in biomedical research and amelio.Animal experimentation has made a crucial contribution to many of the most important advances in modern medicine.

The development of vaccines for deadly viruses like rabies and yellow fever depended upon animal research, and much of our basic knowledge about human health and physiology was discovered through the use of animals as well.

Inspite of these gains, animal rights activists have been 1/5(1).It also discusses the origins of vivisection, advances in human and non-human welfare made possible by animal experimentation, principle moral objections to the use of research animals, alternatives to the use of animals in research, and the regulatory umbrella under which experiments are conducted in Europe, USA and : Vaughan Monamy.